There isn’t any lack of issues to do in Egypt, because the nation is brimming with historical places, seashores, landscapes, dive websites, and museums. Guests can discover the enduring Pyramids of Giza and the traditional temples of Luxor, cruise alongside the Nile River, or head to Nefertaris’s tomb.
Nevertheless, Egypt just isn’t all about temples and historical historical past; the nation has a stunning coast and is house to one of many oldest civilizations on the earth. Its tradition is a heady combine, and its affect internationally is, at occasions, shocking. Even the nation’s delicacies will go away guests wanting extra. All of it meant that tourism within the nation has been ongoing for practically a century, and regardless of current hardships, the nation nonetheless receives 15 million guests yearly.
Even after our practically three-week journey to the nation, we left eager to discover the nation’s desert landscapes, teeming coral reefs, and bustling streets extra. In fact, there’s at all times one other historical web site to go to, Abu Simbel or Karnak. This Egypt journey information is right here that will help you plan a trip to Egypt and fill your days with what pursuits you most.
The Finest Issues to Do in Egypt
It’s inconceivable to go to Egypt and skip its capital metropolis. Cairo is the most important Arabic metropolis and is known for its Islamic structure (and copious minarets). In case you’re a photographer or a historical past buff, it is a must-see, primarily if you’re within the historical past of the traditional world.
Cairo is related to Historical Egypt because of its proximity to the Nile Delta, the traditional metropolis of Memphis, and the Nice Pyramids of Giza. A number of the finest issues to do in Cairo are go to the Khan el-Khalili well-known bazaar and step contained in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.
Pyramids of Giza
You may’t go to Cairo and never head to the pyramids; they’re amongst these unbelievable vacation spots in the world to visit. The Pyramids of Giza have been an icon for the nation for tons of of years, and everybody visiting the nation may have visiting on their listing.
It’s simple to go to the pyramids your self, however to listen to all of the tales and get the data; it’s finest to rent a information for the day to share all of the thrilling information and facts about Egypt.
Camel rides can be found, and you’ll 100% get requested if you would like a camel trip. We declined the trip because the camels seemed like they have been in poor situation.
It’s potential to go contained in the Pyramid of Kofu for an additional ticket. Nevertheless, in case you get claustrophobic, I’d keep away from it. It’s boiling, humid, and tight.
Be sure to see the Sphinx earlier than leaving. It’s a protracted stroll or a brief drive away from the principle pyramid advanced, however nicely value a cease and picture op. Our information for the day introduced us right here, which was extraordinarily useful, and we have been pleased we had him information us across the massive web site within the warmth.
As soon as once more, it is a must-see for Egyptology lovers or anybody who loves a great historic web site. Luxor is a metropolis on the banks of the Nile, recognized for being the positioning of the traditional metropolis of Thebes—the pharaohs’ seat of energy throughout their reign.
Karnak and Luxor Temples are the principle sights to see right here (two huge surviving buildings from the golden age of Thebes). For individuals who like tombs, royal burial websites of the Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Queens are additionally within the space. Visiting Luxor to tour the temple complexes is one in all finest issues to do in Egypt and is on most guests’ Egypt bucket lists. In case you guide a Egypt Tour, it can 100% take you to Luxor.
Aswan is a metropolis positioned in southern Egypt that’s recognized for a number of issues. Essentially the most well-known attraction in Aswan is the Aswan Excessive Dam, a big dam constructed within the Nineteen Sixties to manage the Nile River’s circulation and generate hydroelectric energy.
Aswan additionally has a number of historical temples, together with the Temple of Philae, which is devoted to the goddess Isis and was constructed within the 4th century BC. Aswan is house to many Nubian communities, and guests can expertise Nubian tradition and traditions by visiting conventional villages, making an attempt Nubian delicacies, and purchasing for Nubian handicrafts.
All in all, Aswan is a must-see in Egypt. Issues to do in Aswan embody seeing an enormous (unfinished) obelisk, an open-air museum, a mausoleum, and Elephantine Island, which is chock filled with archeological websites.
There’s even a monastery in the course of the desert. Being positioned proper on the banks of the Nile, take into account taking a ship cruise up the river, whether or not only for the day or to sail to your subsequent vacation spot.
Nile River Cruise
Top-of-the-line issues to do in Egypt is cruise up or down the Nile. There are a lot of cruise firms in Egypt that may take guests up and down the Nile with numerous value factors. We booked the luxurious Steam Ship Sudan, and this five-day journey allowed us to verify lots of the websites on this finest issues to do in Egypt list.
A Nile River Cruise could be a good way to see all Egypt presents between Luxor and Aswan. There’s no higher feeling than watching the solar go down on the banks of the Nile from the precise Nile River.
The ship we went on must be probably the most distinctive in all of Egypt. The SS Sudan is probably the most luxurious technique to cruise the Nile. This ship is over 100 years previous, and between 1922 and 1935, it loved the “golden age” of Nile River cruising. In 1933, Agatha Christie launched into an archaeological mission and was impressed to put in writing Dying on the Nile, with individuals she met on the cruise changing into real-life characters within the guide. We made an entire video to showcase this great ship!
From the Second World Conflict to the Nineties, the SS Sudan sat docked till she was revitalized on the flip of the century. Now it sits as one of many final reminders of the golden period in Egypt. See our full review of our time on this ship here.
After spending time landlocked amongst temple and pyramid ruins, we are able to’t blame anybody for eager to soak in a little bit of solar by the ocean. Hurghada is a beachside resort city alongside the Pink Coastline, famed for its world-renowned scuba diving (there are even many diving faculties right here that will help you be taught).
The Sekalla district is extra trendy, with nightclubs, eating places, and bars. On the identical time, the “previous city” (El Dahar) is house to extra conventional cultural ventures like souks and traditional Egyptian espresso retailers (so there’s one thing for everybody).
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Lower than an hour away from Hurghada is Soma Bay. Soma Bay is a coastal resort space tucked away on its peninsula. It’s among the finest issues to see in Egypt and the place you’ll discover honeymooners, households, and passionate divers.
It’s among the finest locations in Egypt to have a very stress-free vacation, go diving, or strive your hand at golf. It has all of the enjoyable journey issues like windsurfing, kitesurfing, crusing, and quad biking throughout the desert.
If lengthy stretches of white sand, crystalline waters, and coral reefs are remotely up your alley, there’s a robust probability you’ll like Marsa Alam. And having fun with the Pink Sea is without doubt one of the finest issues in Egypt!
Additionally positioned on the Pink Coastline, this is a great spot for diving and snorkeling, significantly if you wish to see the ocean turtles or dugongs (just like manatees) that decision the area house.
Among the many different issues to do, there are historical gold mines, emerald mines, a transport port, and close by Karnak Temple (see beneath for more information) for individuals who can’t get their fill of historic websites.
Temple of Karnak
One of many predominant Egyptian factors of curiosity is Karnak Temple. Essentially the most outstanding factor concerning the Temple of Karnak is that it’s much less a single temple a lot as it’s a complete advanced of temples, chapels, pillars, and different buildings in various states of decay. It’s not removed from Luxor, so it might be labored into your time staying there as a day journey.
Development on the temple started round 2055 BC, although a lot stays from barely extra trendy occasions (eleventh century AD). The grounds of the temple are huge and even embody an open-air museum. Of the 4 components of the advanced, the most important one (the Precinct of Amun-Re) is the one one open to vacationers.
Sharm El-Sheikh is a resort city positioned on the southern tip of the Sinai Peninsula, and among the finest issues to do in Egypt for these after a little bit of R&R. It’s recognized for its lovely seashores, crystal-clear waters, and plentiful marine life, making it a preferred vacation spot for these eager about diving and snorkeling.
The city is surrounded by the Pink Sea and the Sinai Mountains, providing gorgeous views whereas having fun with the clear waters of the Pink Sea. Widespread issues to do right here embody taking a 4×4 jeep tour to discover the close by desert, or go on a ship tour to find the coral reefs and the plentiful marine life that inhabit the Pink Sea.
Sharm El-Sheikh is well-known within the Arab world for its assortment of luxurious resorts, inns, and high quality eating places. For these not trying to get out on the water or sandy within the desert there’s ample purchasing right here on the Outdated Market.
For these eager about historical past and tradition, Sharm El-Sheikh can be a gateway to a number of essential historical websites, together with the UNESCO World Heritage Web site of St. Catherine’s Monastery, which is positioned on the foot of Mount Sinai, and the historic city of Dahab, which was as soon as an essential buying and selling publish on the traditional Spice Route
Whereas many guests to Egypt could decide to offer Egypt’s second largest metropolis a skip, there’s a lot extra to Alexandria than meets the attention. Along with having coastal metropolis magnificence, and unimaginable cultural variety, there’s loads of historical past right here too. Alexandria was based by Alexander the Nice in 331 BCE.
It was as soon as the mental and cultural middle of the traditional world, which might nonetheless be seen as we speak. Guests can discover the traditional metropolis’s well-known landmarks, such because the Bibliotheca Alexandrina, the Catacombs of Kom el Shoqafa, and the Roman Amphitheater.
Temple of Edfu
Whereas many ruined temples in Egypt are simply that (in ruins), the Temple of Edfu is without doubt one of the best-preserved buildings within the nation. The partitions of this temple are inscribed with near-endless textual content that provides essential historic context into life within the Hellenistic interval in Egypt.
The positioning accommodates statues, busts, and wall carvings of Egyptian gods. There are even regional-specific buildings corresponding to a nilometer (a construction to measure the readability and water degree of the Nile River throughout its flooding season).
Kom Ombo is a must-visit in Egypt and so far as the traditionally uncommon goes, the Temple of Kom Ombo might be a front-runner. It’s a double temple, for starters, which means that each one of a temple’s standard buildings have been inbuilt double, in dedication to 2 units of gods.
Since one of many gods revered right here was Sobek, the crocodile god of fertility, some 300 crocodile mummies have been found at this web site and housed within the close by Crocodile Museum. This temple’s partitions and large columns are inscribed with textual content and coloured hieroglyphs.
Valley of the Kings
The Valley of the Kings is a valley on the western financial institution of the Nile throughout from Luxor, the place pharaohs and the Aristocracy have been buried in rock-cut tombs. Whereas the valley accommodates 63 graves, a number of have been found previously decade, indicating that many extra might exist.
Most of those are usually not open to the general public. Time spent inside is proscribed and silent (information lecturing occurs outdoors, and vacationers are instructed to journey single file quietly by means of the tombs to attenuate potential harm from guests over time). Regardless of this, it’s a world-renowned web site value seeing.
Valley of the Queens
There can’t be a Valley of the Kings with out having one for the Queens, too. The Valley of the Queens is the place the wives of pharaohs from the 18th, nineteenth, and twentieth dynasties of historical Egypt can be buried. This valley accommodates 91 recognized tombs within the central valley, most of which date again to the New Kingdom interval of historical Egypt.
The earliest tomb carved right here is considered that of the spouse of Ramses I, and maybe the best-known tomb is Nefertari, Ramses III’s favourite queen. The Temple of Nefertari is broadly considered one of the crucial lovely and well-preserved tombs in all of Egypt and is fantastically adorned with colourful work that depict Nefertari in numerous scenes from her life and the afterlife.
Just like the Valley of the Kings, the Valley of the Queens was made a UNESCO World Heritage web site within the 90s.
Temple of Abydos (Temple of Seti I)
Whereas the one remaining construction is the Nice Temple of Abydos, it’s half of a bigger advanced referred to as the Temple of Seti I. The temple was devoted to Seti and early pharaohs, and there’s a wall inside the temple on which the names of kings and pharaohs acknowledged by Seti (often called the Abydos King Checklist) are carved.
The temple grounds contained a number of chapels, most of which have been in various states of decay. Whatever the temple’s situation, its ancient ruins aren’t any much less spectacular and value seeing.
Dendera Temple Complicated
One of many nation’s best-preserved temple complexes is positioned lower than two miles from Dendera. A web site of human habitation way back to 1500 BC, this was possible an oasis owing to its location on the banks of the Nile river.
The Hathor temple is the most important construction within the 40,000-square-meter advanced, however the space additionally consists of a number of chapels, shrines, and basilicas all through.
Temple of Isis, Agilkia (Temple of Philae)
One other among the finest locations to go to in Egypt is the Temple of Isis, in Aswan. Whereas Egypt’s infinite historical temples are all spectacular, there’s one thing a couple of temple on an island that has slightly further one thing. The Temple of Isis is positioned on Agilkia Island, having been moved within the Nineteen Sixties from its unique location of Philae Island because of flooding within the area.
The temple is without doubt one of the final buildings constructed within the classical Egyptian model and one of many final to worship Isis. You may take a river cruise with a cease right here, and at night time, there’s a lovely mild and sound present on-site.
Metropolis of Memphis
When this metropolis was on the peak of its glory, it served because the capital of Historical Egypt and the doorway into the Giza area, due to its location on the entry to the Nile Valley. This was a web site of every little thing from kings to commerce to faith.
Of its most well-known occasions, Alexander the Nice was topped pharaoh, and the Rosetta Stone originated from the town. The town declined to nearly nothing after being annexed by the Romans and changing into Christianized, and as we speak is a formidable array of preserved ruins to discover.
You may as well see a colossal statue of Ramesses II right here.
Situated close to Cairo and the stays of the traditional metropolis of Memphis, Saqqara served as a big cemetery advanced for the latter. The world accommodates a number of pyramids and enormous tombs, probably the most well-known of which is the Step Pyramid of Djoser, which is broadly considered Egypt’s first massive stone construction (a precursor to the Giza pyramids, constructed some 70 years earlier).
To today, routine excavations are revealing discoveries, together with animal mummies, uncommon burial masks, and, most not too long ago, practically 2000 mummies of noblemen.
Due to the rise of Instagram journey images, this is perhaps one in all Egypt’s most recognizable buildings and are amongst one the perfect locations to go in Egypt. The temples of Abu Simbel embody the Temple of Ramesses II and the Small Temple of Hathor and Nefertari.
Most well-known is the facade of the temple construction—it consists of a single entrance door flanked by 4 65-foot carvings of seated Ramesses.
The temple was designed in order that on October 22 and February 22, the solar would mild up the inside room and the sculptures on the far wall. Many individuals collect yearly to witness this, as it’s an awe-inspiring scene.
Situated simply throughout the river from the place the town of Luxor stands as we speak, Deir el-Medina was the place artisans who constructed the Valley of the Kings lived and labored.
It’s a number of the finest and most detailed neighborhood documentation in Egyptian historical past, with an in depth account of every little thing from social interactions to residing and dealing circumstances spanning 400 years—all due to tons of of surviving texts detailing day-to-day happenings. Notable sights when visiting embody the wall across the metropolis, housing foundations, and the pyramid tomb.
Luxor Temple is a must-see in Egypt. Courting to 1400 BC, Luxor Temple stands in as we speak’s metropolis of Luxor and was, in historical occasions, one of many nation’s most essential websites of spiritual worship.
Constructed all through a number of reigns, together with these of King Tutankhamen, Ramses II, and Amenhotep III, as we speak what’s left are partially reconstructed ruins (which embody a formidable advanced of practically 30 20-foot excessive pillars full with carvings) and the Nice Colonnade Corridor.
Devoted to the solar god Amon-Ra, the Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut is constructed into the cliff face throughout from modern-day Luxor. Made within the classical model and considerably modern-looking in its linearity, the construction features a terrace full with arcades, courts, a chapel, and a sanctuary.
Whereas as we speak it’s primarily ruined and what stays has been dutifully reconstructed, in its day, it could have been fairly a sight, with lush gardens and a causeway flanked by sphinxes. Go to within the morning, as this location is without doubt one of the hottest locations on the earth.
Colossi of Memnon
Nonetheless questioning what to do in Egypt? Don’t miss the Colossi of Memnon after visiting the Valley of the Kings close by. The Colossi of Memnon are two huge sandstone statues of a seated Amenhotep III, simply east of Luxor, alongside the Nile. Although they seem freestanding as we speak, they flanked the doorway to the king above’s mortuary grounds of their day.
This construction not exists, due to common flooding and the observe of utilizing present buildings as constructing supplies for brand new ones, however the seated guardians have continued and are marvel to see.
The Blue Desert is what it feels like: a Belgian artist, impressed by the Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty of 1979, was permitted to color rocks within the desert blue. This brightly-hued set up sits the place many battles occurred between the 2 nations, as a testomony to the peace made between them.
They make for an thrilling picture because of the uncommon and outstanding coloring that differs drastically from the amber hues round them. Due to its proximity to Mount Sinai, this has develop into a revered web site the place God is believed to have spoken to Moses.
One of many distinctive issues to do in Egypt is go to the White Desert. Although the White Desert is rather less accessible than many sights in Egypt (it includes a five-hour drive to get to the area), it’s well worth the go to when you have time.
The white calcite rocks have worn down finely sufficient to resemble sand, giving your complete panorama a vibrant, nearly lunar-like look. It’s a number of the most lovely sunsets and sunrises you’ll ever see. In case you courageous the chilly nighttime temperatures, you will note a number of the starriest skies you could ever see in your lifetime.
Outdated Cataract Lodge
Once we departed our Nile River Cruise, we have been transferred by Felucca to the Old Cataract Hotel in order that we might take pleasure in and discover Aswan.
The Old Cataract is probably the most iconic lodge in all of Egypt. It’s over 100 years previous and has had many notable visitors, together with Tsar Nicholas II, Winston Churchill, Margaret Thatcher, Jimmy Carter, Princess Diana, and Agatha Christie. It’s a dreamy place to remain and the proper spot to start out or finish your journey between Aswan and Luxor.
When is the Finest Time to Go to Egypt?
Egypt is visited year-round, however the excessive season is October and November, when issues begin to cool off. One of the best occasions to go to are between October and April when the climate is cooler. In the summertime, temperatures in Egypt can get nicely over 35°C (95°F) and may have you continually looking for warmth aid.
Is Egypt Protected to Go to?
Because the Nineteen Seventies, tourism has been one of many main drivers of Egypt’s financial system. Tourism is essential to employment, revenue ranges, and the financial system. In 2010, Egypt was a stylish place to go to, drawing in individuals worldwide. At its peak, the nation noticed nearly 15 million guests a yr.
Throughout and after the Egyptian Revolution in 2011, tourism plummeted to less than 9 million visitors. Greater than a 30% drop within the nation’s high sector harm Egypt. What adopted was a collection of terrorist assaults that solely crippled the nation extra. But now tourism is bouncing back.
So is Egypt a protected place to go to? Effectively, after all, I can’t say that as a result of nothing occurred to us that it’s protected. However after our current journey, I felt safe and nicely seemed out for throughout my total journey.
Tourism firms and the federal government have gone to nice lengths to make their nation safer. We by no means entered a single web site with out having to move by means of a number of safety checkpoints; we bought police escorts to sure temples in the course of nowhere. Once we flew from Cairo to Hurghada, we needed to move by means of three safety checkpoints on the airport.
If you wish to go to Egypt however are nervous about your security, it’s finest to guide by means of an organized journey agent.
Ought to You Rent a Information in Egypt?
We don’t usually rent guides after we journey. However in Egypt, we knew we would have liked one to take us to the unbelievable websites and inform us all concerning the historical historical past of what we noticed.
There aren’t any placards or pamphlets to tell you about historical statutes and historic websites at most of these items to do in Egypt. Our information was important to our Egypt journey. The one place the place we didn’t have a spotlight was on the coast of Hurghada, the place we spent more often than not stress-free and diving.
We employed our information in Cairo by means of our Airbnb, and our information from Luxor to Aswan was all a part of our Nile River Cruise tour.
In case you’re on the fence, take into account supporting the native financial system and hiring a information in your journey. Egypt just isn’t costly, and you may rapidly get a information in your complete group for beneath $100 a day. Please bear in mind to tip on the finish!
It’s additionally value noting that any Nile River Cruise tour you guide, will normally routinely include a information to deliver you round to the locations in your itinerary.
What to Put on in Egypt
One in all my high journey Egypt ideas is to decorate appropriately. It will get HOT in Egypt, particularly the additional south you go. Peak vacationer season in Egypt runs from mid-October to Could, throughout winter and spring. You’ll continually search warmth aid in case you go to in the summertime (June – September).
We visited in mid-October, and whereas Cairo and the Pink Sea have been fairly comfy, as soon as we bought to Luxor, it was stifling sizzling till we departed Egypt. Our days began round 4:30 am, so we’d sightsee earlier than the warmth of the day at midday. We typically stayed within the shade or AC from 12-4, then ventured again out within the night.
It’s essential to decorate for decent temperatures whereas respecting that you simply’re in a conservative nation. This implies white and tan free clothes. Attire previous the knee, mild pants, and shirts that aren’t too revealing are excellent.
I desire linen in sizzling temperatures like this. Additionally don’t neglect to deliver a hat, sun shades, and solar safety! – See more Egypt packing tips here! You may take a look at our packing suggestions on the backside of this publish.
Finest Issues to Do in Egypt Map
Fast Egypt Journey Suggestions
- Language in Egypt – Arabic. Nevertheless, English has broadly spoken due to a sound training system and a robust vacationer business.
- Forex: Egyptian Pound
- Visa: Most guests can get a 30-day entry on arrival for $25
- What to Pack: Pack for desert temperatures. Gentle, free, and conservative clothes works finest right here!
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